Happy Tuesday loves, one of questions I often get asked about on my in my Instagram DM box is how to care for your skin. This question comes from women of all ages and from all ethnicities. I know as consumers, it’s frustrating and confusing because there is always some new and great product out there claiming to do this and claiming to do that. Regardless of what name brand you choose to use, you want to ensure you are doing all the necessary steps in your daily skin care routines to age gracefully. With my 12 years of experience as a Medical Esthetician, I wanted to do a comprehensive post on how to care for your skin at every age.
IN YOUR 20s
In your twenties you have youth on your side. But don’t think for a minute that damage that will show up in later years, isn’t happening on a daily basis everyday right now. Collagen and elastin are in peak production so skin is firm and tight in your 20s. Your worries don’t need to be focused on the breakdown of these just yet. Your focus should however be on maintaining a healthy skin care routine as a young adult and not a routine that still feels like it’s one for a teenager. Make sure to invest in the 3 basics of any skin care routine. A skin appropriate cleanser, a moisturizer, and sunscreen (preferably broad spectrum SPF 30 or higher). An optional skin care product you may want to include at this age is a toner to help balance the skin’s ph level after your cleanser is used. Although I advocate beginning to use eye cream in your 20’s, if you are on a budget, this step you can incorporate around 27-29 yrs old, but certainly no later than age 30. WHICH CLEANSER FOR MY SKIN: If you have oily skin, use a cleanser that foams (a little or a lot) as this will help to break down the oils. If you have dry skin, you need more hydration therefore a creamy/milky cleanser or a gentle foaming cleanser like this one works great since it is made of saponified Organic Coconut, Olive, and Jojoba Oils and won’t strip the skin of essentials oils. Combination skin is also great for a gentle foaming cleanser. If you struggle with oily/acneic, look for cleansers that contain either salicylic acid or mandelic acid (which are antibacterial and anti fungal) or a cleanser with Benzoyl Peroxide which helps to dry out the excess sebum/oil that is being produced.
PRODUCTS FOR YOUR 20's
IN YOUR 30s
In your thirties, not only do you want to include the skin care products I mentioned above, but what you want to start incorporating into your skin care routine are products that are designed to fight off the formation of sun damage (which trust me is being formed everyday, the sun damage just hasn’t quite surfaced yet). Skin care serums that are beneficial to fighting sun damage include ones made with Vitamin C and I’m not talking about the Vitamin C that you find in your orange juice or supplements. Vitamin C not only fights sun damage by attacking free radicals that damage the skin but it is essential to the production and the maintenance of collagen (protein) and elastin (fibers) these helps to keep skin tight and firm. The 3 most popular and common types of vitamin C you will find mentioned on skin care labels are Ascorbic acid, L-ascorbic acid and Ascorbyl palmitate. HOW TO USE SERUMS: Serums are to ALWAYS be used UNDER your moisturizer. The viscosity and molecular structure of serums are made purposefully thin so that they can penetrate deeper into your skin. Wait a minute or two and then put on your moisturizer. Moisturizers are generally thicker than serums so if you put a moisturizer on before a serum then the serum will not penetrate through the moisturizer. Serums aren’t cheap either as they care considers treatments that should invoke a change to your skin and you want it to work. You will also want to ensure you are using an eye cream BOTH day and night. This is an essential step in any healthy skin care routine in your 30s because the skin is thin in the eye area and there are no oil glands under the eye area so hydration needs to be put injected there. Use your ring finger to apply your eye cream as it is the finger with the least amount of pressure and since the skin under the eye area is thin, less pressure is a good thing. No need to rub it in, just dab/pat it in gently and make sure to even apply it up to the sides of the eye and even up to the brow bone area. DARK CIRCLES: Contrary to popular belief, dark under-eye circles don’t always signify lack of sleep. Dark circles under your eyes form because of poor blood flow. The blood then sits underneath the thin skin of the eye area as a bluish/purple color. (use a little salmon color concealer to nueturarlize those colors before putting on your regular concealer)
PRODUCTS FOR YOUR 30's
IN YOUR 40s and beyond
Once you hit your 40’s and beyond that you need to take out all the big guns. Don’t go down without a fight. You are aging, but there is no reason you can’t age gracefully now is there. We have already discussed the basic products starting in your 20’s and what products are must haves in your 30s. Beauty products you should definitely start incorporating into your beauty routine in your early 40’s and beyond are products that help to reverse signs of sun damage and brighten the skin such as kojic acid, azelic acid and if you want to try something natural, products that have tumeric in them like this rose mask will help to brighten your skin as well. Rough skin texture once you hit your 40’s will become an issue. To handle fine lines, wrinkles and skin texture, you should find a product with Vitamin A (retinoid). Retinal will will be a less irritating version of Vitamin A compared to Retina A (you can get Retina A in prescription strength from your doctor or dermatologist) Retinol is a natural form of vitamin A, while Retin-A is derived from retinoic acid, a synthetic derivative of vitamin A, and considered pharmaceutical. This is the gold standard to fighting off signs of aging, without going under the knife that is. Using Vitamin A is like giving yourself a very light chemical peel. It’s effective safe and will give you the results you are looking for. You just want to ensure that you are using it as directed. HELPFUL ANTI AGING SKIN TREATMENTS: Two of my favorite procedures I used to love doing in my skin spa was anti aging peels. Anti-aging peels work at a deeper level, using stronger levels of acids to lift off sun damage, age spots, dark spots and soften skin texture (you will need several of them for maximum results). Also, microdermabrasion is the #1 skin treatment at skin spas and clinics because of its immense ability to improve the skin. If you haven’t read my article on the benefits of microdermabrasion treatments, click here to read it.
PRODUCTS FOR YOUR 40's and Beyond
STEPS YOU NEED AT EVERY AGE
EXFOLIATE: is a must. Skin should me exfoliated once a week to help shed old skin cells and reveal fresh glowing ones. You can do this via physical exfoliation (little beads/texture) or chemical exfoliation using acids OR some have both ways of exfoliation in them. This should be done at least once a week.
EXOLIATORS FOR ALL AGES
SUNSCREEN: every skin care routine should include sunscreen. It’s not even up for debate. You also should try to use a sunscreen with an SPF (sun protection factor) of at least 30 that is broad spectrum meaning it will help your skin stand up against both sun rays that UVA (A = age)+ UVB (B = burn)
SUNSCREEN FOR ALL AGES
MASK: Mask are wonderful because they help to nourish, balance and deeply hydrate the skin. Some are made to address specific skin concerns such as dry skin, oily/premature or combination skin. This step should be done once a week. The perfect time to do with your exfoliation and do some self care.
MASKS FOR ALL AGES
As an added addition to this post, for those of you who really want to get into age management, grab a cup of jo I’m sharing the below Q + A with Aesthetic Nurse, Kristina Alexander of Hello Beautiful Medical Spa
Q: What’s the difference between Botox and what you use?
A: I prefer to use a product called Xeomin over Botox or Dysport because Xeomin does not contain any additives. This pure-form version reduces the likelihood of our bodies developing antibodies that become resistant to the neurotoxin! I do still incorporate Botox and Dysport upon request and for certain patients!